I had a dream of Yangzhou in ten years and won the reputation of qinglou. This is a poem named farewell written by Du Mu, a poet in the late Tang Dynasty. Du Mu, whose character is mu Zhi, is the grandson of the Prime Minister Du You, and the famous Little Du in the poetic circle. But some romantic affairs in his life left an impression on the world at that time and later: this great poet who obeyed Confucian values and life creeds turned out to be a little lucky prodigal! Because the scholar demeanour of Confucianism in the world and the prodigal in the brothel are always different in people’s hearts, and the fire and water are different, so the later generations cannot understand why he has two faces. Therefore, the person who scolded him for his wild and dissolute thought that his serious and old-fashioned face was just a disguise, like a bitch building a memorial arch; He said that he was a self-stained person, he felt that his dissolute appearance just covered people’s eyes, just like those who ran for their lives pretending to be crazy and silly, while those who took refuge deliberately went to brothels and casinos. In fact, Lao Bai thought that this was because our descendants thought the ancients too solemn. They always thought that people should be like this or that, and they didn’t want a person to be vivid. Du Mu was not that rigid at first. He believed in Confucianism and wanted to do a big business, but he might not have to sit tight and squinted. As a child of a family, he was bold and cheerful in nature and became famous as a teenager, it also made him appreciate himself. There is a record that in 835, Du Mu went to Shen Chuanshi’s place in Xuancheng to be a staff. He heard that Huzhou was beautiful and beautiful, so he went to play, governor Cui of Huzhou found all the famous prostitutes in the city, asked Du Mu to look for them, and held a boat racing party, which attracted all the young girls in the city to watch. However, none of du da’s gifted scholars who were more than high-minded could be seen. It was not until the evening that she found that a ten-year-old girl led by an old lady was a real country. Therefore, Du Mu made an appointment with the old lady and married a little girl ten years later. If she didn’t come, she would be allowed to marry her, he also sent many valuable items as dowry. After fourteen years, Du Mu came to Huzhou again. After asking, the girl had married three years ago and had two children. In addition to feeling disappointed, Du Mu wrote a poem: it is too late to hate Xinfang, and I have seen it before in previous years. Now the wind placed flowers messy, leafy sub-full branch, visible Du Mu is a sentimentalist. There was another record that Li Xi was dismissed from office and lived in Luoyang, and his voice was the first at that time. The banquet invited the officials to be high-class. Because Du Mu was a supervisory censor at that time, he was in charge of inspecting the issue of the integrity of officials, so Li Wei didn’t invite him. Who ever wanted Du Mu to take the initiative to come here, and when he sat down, he stared at the hundred and ten amazing geisha with his eyes straight, and asked: Who is the one who smells Ziyun? Li Weng had to show it to him. He stared at him for a long time and said, “it is worthy of the reputation, and it is better to see benefits, which means that it should be given to him. Li was willing to laugh, so did all the geisha. But Du Mu was at ease, and he drank three glasses of wine without anyone else. He took a poem: Today, the huadang is in a feast. Who will call the branch censors to come. Suddenly, I was shocked by the wild words, and the two lines of red fans came back for a while. It was said that Li willing gave Ziyun to Du Mu, which showed that Du Mu was a free and easy person. Of course, the authenticity of these two stories is still worthy of scrutiny, but even if it is fabricated, it is not too outrageous. Looking at Du Mu’s collection of poems written by Fan Chuan, there are really many beautiful works in IT, such as “two farewell songs” and “good poems written by Zhang Hao”, which are written as gentle as water, it was no wonder that later generations would edit many romantic stories about him and imagine du xunhe, another poet in the late Tang dynasty, as his bastard. The romantic life and solemn career were not at the same place, which was unimaginable in the eyes of people after the increasingly strong sense of morality and ethics, but it was natural in Tang Dynasty. Li Bai, a poet, often drinks with prostitutes and geisha Yan zhaoer, while Wei Shu sings silk. Pink and bright moon, dancing shirt blows flower branches. Take the wine to the beauty, and sing the song of Handan. And Du Fu, the poet, once accompanied the Childe to enjoy the cold with the prostitute, and wrote down verses like Childe mixing ice water, beauty Snow Lotus Silk, etc, Poem Emperor Bai Juyi is not far behind where spring good, spring prostitutes home. It can be seen that literati and poets in Tang Dynasty are familiar with chasing girls in brothels, and they are very dedicated and professional. Therefore, Du Mu in the late Tang dynasty, as a rising star, caught up with his predecessors and kept pace with the times, was also natural. Now let’s turn back and look at Du Mu’s poem Farewell. Lao Bai translated it into modern poetry, which should be more popular. Back then, I once traveled uninhibited in Jiangnan, drinking and indulging. I love the slender waist which can dance in my palm, graceful and light. After ten years of sleep, the past of Yangzhou seemed like a dream. In the end, it only ended up with the reputation of a thin lover in the Chu Pavilion of qinglou. In Tang Dynasty people’s mind, Yangzhou at that time was the symbol of heaven. Li Shen, a poet of the middle Tang Dynasty, once said: Liao Ji Shou Hong Jing Chu Ze, and the shallow and deep red trees saw Yangzhou. He also said: Today, the customs of the city have changed, so there is no need to ask meilou. The last two sentences mean that there are singing houses and taverns everywhere in Yangzhou, and you can meet the fans without asking people. Another poet Yao He said that Yangzhou warms the sun and condenses flowers and willows, and the spring breeze spreads the strings. Most of the gardens are houses, and the carriages and horses are less than boats. It is conceivable that in those years, the strings and songs were full of ears, the gardens were picturesque, and the boats and boats were like shuttles. Therefore, Zhang Hu, a good friend of Du Mu, said that his life was only for Yangzhou to die, which meant that he could live in Yangzhou without regret until he died. Therefore, when Du Mu, who was full of loneliness and couldn’t express his talent, took office under the curtain of Niu shanru in Yangzhou in the 7th year of Daiwa (833), this poet in his early thirties, I can’t help showing off my bohemian and elegant Childe style. I decide my world and want to enjoy it in Yangzhou as much as I like. How did Du Mu live in this romantic life? Now it is impossible to verify, but from his “Yangzhou three songs”, “Farewell two songs”, some traces can also be seen in the works written at this time, such as “the topic of Yangzhou chanzhi Temple” and so on. There is nothing wrong with him in Yangzhou. One is to travel around the mountains and water to satirize the past and present, and the other is to go, leaning against the red and snuggling with the green, vent its vigorous energy. He had been to the tomb of Emperor Yangdi in the suburb of Yangzhou, the Fangying garden in the last year of Sui Dynasty, the famous buildings and big pavilions in the city, and the Buddhist temple to write poems with happiness. Although I also thought of serious problems such as the dissolute emperor in the late Sui dynasty and the mistake of the country during the tour, I indulged in the rich and luxurious life and the beautiful and charming scenery of Yangzhou more, like someone who sings “water tune”, the moon reaches Yangzhou, the sky is clear, the wind is cool, the song is clear, the waist is long-sleeved, the jade is mixed with numerous tassels, who knows Zhuxi Road, the song blows Yangzhou, etc, they couldn’t help revealing a feeling of intoxication and satisfaction. Therefore, he often fell in love with prostitutes who were hanging out together. However, Xiao Du was just romantic, not as persistent and dedicated as Li Shangyin. He also had a light girl from the Jade Tower, laughing at him with pairs of cold swallows, endless thousands of trees and willows, and even a stream, since sorrow comes to Dawn, who can see the poems like cherishing the fleeting time, though he also has sympathy and sympathy, he is useless and single-minded. He is just born to be charming and free, and he leaves in a hurry after meeting him, leave it aside while lingering. This triggered some people’s persuasion to his Meng Lang’s whereabouts. In 835, Du Mu was appointed to leave Yangzhou. Niu shouru gave him a farewell dinner and said during the dinner: With the spirit of Shi Yu (referring to Du Mu), he was far away from him, and he always considered that the amorous feelings were different, or the supreme body was good. It meant that Du Mu was very talented and promising, but his life was informal and indulged in decadence, which might hurt his body and affect his future career. Niu shouru was very good at speaking euphemistically. It was said that Du Mu was right at that time, and he felt absent-minded all his life because of sobbing and worshiping. Did Du Mu write the poem “farewell” because of this? This is not very clear. From the perspective of poetry, it seems to have something to do with it. A sentence in the down and out world with wine seems to imply that I am not proud of my official career and wandering in the world, so I look for comfort in the brothel pub. However, many people in later generations concluded that Du Mu was introspecting himself, regretting that he once indulged in the romantic affairs and wasted time, and from then on he would put down the butcher’s knife, repent and be saved. However, things were not completely like this. It can be seen from Du Mu’s later life of drinking with prostitutes that his confession was just to shift more energy used in romantic life to political life. However, the advice of Niu shanru only made him value his career more. For example, after he left Yangzhou, he still ridiculed in “sending to Han Chuo judge in Yangzhou” that on the bright moon night of 24th Bridge, where can jade people teach flute. This reveals the attachment to Yangzhou for having a happy time. Based on the above, Lao Bai thought that Du Mu did not regard this kind of romance as a crime or a mistake like later generations, nor did he mean to wake up through self-criticism, nor did he have the taste of confession and sex tour, at best, it represents the deviation of the center of gravity of one’s life. In the view of Tang Dynasty people, this kind of romantic life was not a great event; For Du Mu, these romantic lives were caused by his noble son’s nature, what’s more, it can escape from the Depression and annoyance of the world. Lao Bai certainly didn’t have Du Mu’s talent. However, he also tried to write a Limerick, which was recorded here as the end of the article: The past in his dream came to his mind at will, and the outside was prosperous and disorderly. It is often annoying for romantic affairs, but it is not as ruthless as nature.

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